“Kajironga Bor Dhuniya Ekurenai Tulona” an Asamese Bihu song, aptly describes the beauty of India’s best kept secret of North East. Famous among wild-lifers as ‘Serengeti of the East’, Kaziranga is hailed as India’s greatest wildlife conservation success story.
I first visited this park in 2011; it was a short family trip with no agenda attached. And that short trip made such a huge impact that now no winter goes without spending few days in Kaziranga. One can ask what took it so long to write my trip report about Kaziranga; which is a fair question. And my answer is Kaziranga is so huge that one needs at least 4-5 trips to understand its extremely rich biodiversity and abundance of rare fauna and flora, and then only he will be in a position to write something about it.
I will not go into the history of this park because that is another story in itself, here I’m sharing some unique facts, figures and conservation values of Kaziranga National Park through pictures –
Big Five of Kaziranga
Kaziranga is also popularly known as the home of the “Big Five” –
- Indian One Horned Rhinoceros
- Asiatic Elephant
- Royal Bengal Tiger
- Swamp Deer
- Wild Water Buffalo
World’s Largest Population of – Indian One Horned Rhinoceros
Kaziranga has the world’s largest population (approximately 2200 nos.) of the great Indian one horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). The rhino is a solitary animal, unless accompanied by a calf. Its life span is approximately 45 years and from six to eight years of age the female becomes capable of giving birth to a young one.
World’s Largest Population of – Wild Water Buffalo
The endangered Asiatic Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee) is one among the ‘Big Five’ of Kaziranga. According to IUCN, Less than 4000 individuals remain in the wild and Kaziranga is home for appx 50% of the total population. Kaziranga has appx 1,900 wild water buffalo population. Perhaps Wild Water Buffalo has most magnificent horns among all bovines in the world.
High Ecological Density of Tigers
Though, the Corbett National Park carries the status of the best habitat for tigers in India, but as per the recent survey conducted by the non-governmental organization, Aranyak, Kaziranga National Park has above 100 tigers. Considering vast area of Kaziranga NP, tiger sighting is considerably less frequent than other parks in India. One can fairly consider himself lucky if he is able to spot a tiger in Kaziranga NP.
Significant population of Asiatic Elephant
Kaziranga has over 1,300 Asian elephants, but this population is not static as herds move along traditional migratory routes over long distances.
Largest Population of Swamp Deer in Eastern India
Kaziranga has approximately 700 Swamp Deer or Barasingha (twelve-horned deer), which is the largest population in Eastern India.
Other Important species of Kaziranga
Diversity in avifaunal species
In Kaziranga a total of 478 species of birds has been recorded including 25 globally threatened species and 21 near threatened species.